Don John of Austria’s calm self-command seeing the power of the Turkish armada

September 30, 2010

Don John of Austria by Alonso Sánchez Coello

At daybreak on the 7th of October, 1571, D. John of Austria ordered the fleet to leave the port of Petala, and very carefully to go along the channel between the coast of Greece and Oxia, the last island of the Curzolari; in the latitude of Cape Scropha the watch on the “Real” made signals that two sails were in sight. Then the curious at once covered masts and yards, but it was not two sails that they saw; there were dozens and dozens which stood out against the blue of the sky and the blue of the sea, skimming the waves like a flock of white sea-gulls. There was no doubt; the enemy was in sight; the belligerents had met face to face turning the same corner. It was then seven o’clock in the morning.


D. John of Austria at once ordered his pilot, Cecco Pizano, to disembark on one of the high islets, to observe the strength of the enemy. From this height could be seen all the wide bay, and in it Pizano spied the Turkish fleet advancing, about twice as numerous as had been supposed, favored by the breeze, which was hindering and embarrassing the maneuvers of the Christians. The pilot was horrified at what he saw, and back on the “Real” he did not dare say what he had seen at such a critical moment and contented himself with whispering in the Generalissimo’s ear, “Put out your claws, my lord, for the job will be a tough one.”

On hearing this D. John made no sign, and as at that moment several of his Captains came to ask him whether he would not hold a last Council, he answered blandly, “There is no time for anything but fighting.”

Banner of the Holy League used in the Battle of Lepanto

And he at once ordered a small cannon on the “Real” to be fired, and a white flag to be run up in the centre of the galley, which was, ever since Messina, the signal for battle.


Rev. Fr. Luis Coloma, The Story of Don John of Austria, trans. Lady Moreton, (New York: John Lane Company, 1912), p. 260.

Short Stories on Honor, Chivalry, and the World of Nobility—no. 12

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  • Jennifer

    Is the banner pictured the same banner of Lepanto that Pope Paul VI gave to the Moslam Turks after Vatican II? Do you know if the Turks kept the banner (as a trophy) or if they destroyed it?

    • JeniferSeg

      The banner bearing an image of Our Lord Crucified that flew over Don John of Austria's galley and was a gift from Pius V is on display in the Escorial.

      Another banner with the image of Our Lady of Guadalupe (and touched to the original) was a gift from the Bishop in Mexico to the King of Spain, Philip II, who did give it to Gianandrea Doria (not Andrea Doria, who was his uncle or great uncle). Doria did carry the image on his galley and it is on display in the church in a small town north of Genoa.

      Both banners were present at the battle of Lepanto.

      When the Catholics captured the Turkish banner with Allah stitched some 28,000 times in calligraphy, the Turks became afraid. That banner is at the Doge's palace in Venice.

      Pope Paul VI did return in 1965 some Turkish banners that were captured by the galleys of the Papal States. The one banner that I read that Pope Paul VI returned were ones taken from the Battle of Curzolaris. I didn’t read that any from Lepanto were returned. One of the standards from Müezzinzâde Ali’s flagship, together with many other Muslim banners, is in the Church of Santo Stefano in Pisa. The Ottoman banner sent to Spain by Don Juan of Austria was destroyed by fire at the end of the 17th century. Marco Antonio Colonna’s much frayed standard is still visible in the Pinacoteca Comunale of Gaeta.

      • Jennifer

        I was curious because I've run across a few different sources that claim that various "trophies of Lepanto" were returned, along with a written apology, to the Turks.

        • Jennifer

          Including one item referred to specifically as "the glorious banner of Lepanto".

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